Friday, January 13, 2012

How Student Leader Ko Tun Aung Kyaw & comrades were inhumanely killed..

How Student Leader Ko Tun Aung Kyaw & comrades were inhumanely killed by ABSDF Ronald Aung Naing,Dr Aung Naing at KIA field,Burma?

Sound of Bones Brittling at ABSDF (North)
First of all, let me pass my sincere greeting to all student comrades of ADSDF (North) who, with all their hearts, set at your camp the flag with the fighting peacock emblem. This is a New Year for all of us. Happy New Year to all my comrades!
As you all see, in the near future, we will be altogether striving to move forward, taking new steps afresh towards our goals. We all will be working together to cleanse our political environment–the one being dominated so long by demons.
I, as a member of All Burma Students Union (Upper Burma), would like to convey my greetings to the students from Moe Hnyin District, who in the past attended the Mandalay conference of All Burma Students Union (Upper Burma), and remind all of you of our historical duty to set the records straight regarding the bloodshed at the ABSDF northern camp in 1991, that had resulted in the loss of the students’ army dignity and in the eventual decline of the ABSDF’s significance.
It is our duty that we raise questions with regard to the dignity of the students’ army and also that of the sel-less ABSDF student comrades, whose efforts and commitment were never properly acknowledged, despite their love for the country and sacrifice of their own lives. We will continue to raise challenging questions for the sake of those fallen comrades.
We, however, are Buddhists on the other hand; we have no desire to catch the flame of bad Karma caused by some others who spread it in the first place. Therefore, it is very important that we all resolve this matter in a calm, undisturbed manner. It is also very important that we do not cause any personal conflicts with anyone or any organization due to personal differences between and amongst one another. It is necessary that we learn from the mistakes which we have had the opportunity to observe throughout our struggle for freedom. Therefore, when we claim to set all these records straight for the sake of truth regarding the killings at the ABSDF northern camp, the whole endeavor is not only for the purpose of documenting the events as they actually happened back then in 1991, but we all must continue to take necessary actions against those responsible culprits who committed crimes at the northern camp.
It is a fact that we have long suppressed our desire to tell the truth to the public. There are reasons for that; firstly, we do not desire to stir things up in the wrong direction because our struggle for freedom is not over yet. Secondly, we were very concerned that the students from a younger generation would be perpetually disappointed after learning about the true events within the ABSDF. Most importantly, our reserve on this particular subject matter was due to the necessity that calls for our patience to wait till the end of our democratic movement in order to prevent the ABSDF from earning a terrible reputation.
However, the case is the most horrifying massacre committed by a few people from the ABSDF (N), and even in the wake of those tragic events, that resulted in deaths of dozens of innocent students, we have observed that the individuals who were involved in those killings have been more united than ever, systematically destroying the good reputation of our students army. Their corruption is widespread, and these corrupt individuals as a group have shared the same goals of their own self-interest, and they work together to prevent themselves from losing the opportunity to keep exploiting. They have exploited funds received in the name of the democratic movement in Burma, formed a special elite class squandering public funds for personal luxuries, and thoughtlessly defaced the reputation of the democratic movement.
As a result, the international donors and NGOs have now eventually shifted their attention to mainland Burma, after the recent changes in the political scenes inside the country. It is seen these days that the same corrupt individuals have begun a new strategy to mess up inside Burma. However, they are not going to get away with their crimes this time.
Before I disclose the full story, let me share with you one thing about KIA. Some Kachin majors asked a question to the ABSDF committee (N) after they learned that a group of students as many as 90 were arrested by the camp leaders:
“What is going on? Even over many years under the leadership of Bransai (KIA Leader), we caught only about five men. Now it seems quite surprising you have caught so many. Is it a realistic figure?”
Back then, Ronald Aung Naing replied laughing:
“Ha..ha..ha, well, Major, why are you asking whether there are holes anywhere once one has been bitten by a tiger? If KIA got only five spies in your entire era, it is only because you guys are too naive, ha.. ha..ha.”
Also, in “All the wars are dirty”, the interview with Ronald Aung Naing, the culprit put blame on KIA. His words in the interview made me smile. Back in 1991, it was KIA who heard the continual torturing and killing of students, as the scale of atrocities against the arrested students grew out of hand, and it became impossible for the ABSDF committee to conceal the events. When the whole thing (persecution of innocent students by the camp committee) was starting to stink, some KIA officials began to intervene, and forced Ronald Aung, in one particular case, to stop what he had been doing.
As a result of the KIA forceful intervention, only Nan Aung Htway Kyi was saved and taken away from the camp before it was too late. Again, in a matter-of-fact way, we need to ask a question to the ABSDF (North) about their share of jade and other resources it had received from the KIA back then. Unlike the ABSDF(South), the northern camp was doing quite well with the sufficient amount of funds and other supplies.
“Where did all the funds go?”
Only the individuals who were there at that time can answer this question.
First of all, I would like to provide you a list of all students who were executed at the camp of the ABSDF (N). Here, I would like to emphasize an account of two particular students, comrade Ma Khin Cho Oo, a member of NLD and Ko Pyi Soe Naing, who was then accused of having an affair with the former.
First Pyi Soe Naing was tortured and then his body was buried in a hole only with his head above the ground at a place like Laison in Kachin State, whether the weather was extremely cold in winter. Pyi Soe Naing died from the severe injuries from torture and his overexposure to the extreme cold in the whole night. By the time he was dead, the body was as cold as ice. Some ADSDF committee members forced Khin Cho Oo to have oral sex on the cold dead body of Pyi Soe Naing. After watching her do that, they started raping her one by one. By the time they were about to execute the victim Khin Cho Oo by beheading her, the girl begged them not to behead her. Instead, she asked them to shoot her in the head. It was Than Chaung who shot her in the head at the end as she had asked.
Next account is on Ko Kyaw Wai. When they tortured him, he was forced to run around the football field with one of his hand tied to a soft mine. While running in the field, the mine exploded and Ko Kway Wai lost some fingers. Then, they put him back in the camp’s detention center. It was usual of the ABSDF (N) to have used soft mine bombs on these detainees during the phase of military-style interrogation.
The following list contains the names of those who were beheaded at the ABSDF(N) on February 12, 1991. (According to the victims’ positions back then, I address them in a way appropriate to their ranks and titles such as comrade soldier, surgent, captain etc.)
(1) Ko Tun Aung Kyaw ( the Chairman of All Burma Students Union Upper Burma, Mandalay
They used the harshest interrogation military techniques to torture. To sum up, they put a hot metal plate on the thighs of Ko Tun Aung, poured boiling tar liquid on his stomach, and then they lighted it so his stomach skin caught flame. Also they hammered heated iron nails into his soles. In order to keep his moral down, they made Ko Tun Aung Kyaw watch Comrade Ko Kyaw Wai being beheaded. After that, they left the head spouting blood and forced Ko Tun Aung Kyaw to drink some blood coming out of Ko Kyaw Wai’s head.
They also made Ko Tun Aung Kyaw watch Ko Cho Gyi when the latter’s hand was being cut off. But the cut at the wrist did not turn out clean; instead the knife landed just above the upper palm, chopping four fingers off except the thumb. Then, they made Ko Tun Aung Kyaw bite a finger of Ko Cho Gyi in his mouth. Till the day Ko Tun Aung Kyaw was beheaded, he was unable to walk, having to rely on a stick for support.
Till the day he was beheaded, he had been walking with a limp. The man who cut off his head missed the head in the first attempt, and thus Ko Tun Aung Kyaw tried to get up in agony, but someone hit his head with a shovel from behind to end his life.
(2)Ko Cho Gyi ( Mandalay)
They applied the harshest military interrogation techniques in torturing Ko Cho Gyi. His stomach was often burnt. He was interrogated in a position with his body tied to a cross, his palms being nailed to the posts. They hammered his hands several times during the interrogation period. The same day Ko Kyaw Wai was beheaded, they cut off Ko Cho Gyi’s hand by the wrist. At the time they executed him, he took his final moment in an amazingly calm, composed manner while being beheaded.
(3)Ko Kyaw Wai
It was Ko Myo Win who beheaded comrade Kyaw Wai. The victim begged Ko Myo Win not to cut his head off. However, upon his realization of the unfortunate moment inevitable, he vowed and screamed:
“Yes, you can kill me, You can kill me, but not my soul nor my conscience. I am a genuine Dhamma student. You go ahead to kill this genuine Dhamma student.” He also lost one of his hands as a result of the soft mine bomb exploded in his palm. After that, his hand was cut off due to the injury, while he was detained during the harsh interrogation period.
(4) Comrade Aung Phoe (Rangoon)
They also used a soft mine bomb to torture him in front of the residence center used by the camp committee members. Ko Than Chaung, Ko Myo Win, and Ko Ronald Aung Naing were all involved. They tied a soft mine to one of his feet, and the same day, Ma Nan Aung Htwe Kyi was tortured too. Fortunately, his hands were spared that day. Eventually, the victim comrade Aung Phoe lost one foot from the mine blast that day. In that condition, he was beheaded on the final day.
(5) Comrade Kyaw Kyaw Min ( Moneywar)
When the camp committee read the execution order to him, he experienced a severe nervous break-down and became instantly yet partially paralyzed. He did not feel his lower-half and lost the sensations in his body to such an extent that he was unaware of his own urination out of fear. At the moment he was about to be beheaded, he got assisted to get to the site since he was unable to walk due to the shock.
(6) Comrade Maung Maung Kwae ( Rangoon)
It was said that he was the adopted son of Daw Cho Cho Kyaw Nyein. During the training series No. 5, he became most vocal and critical of Ko Myo Win’s conduct . During the interrogation period, Ko Myo Win tortured him most often. It was also Ko Myo Win who beheaded him.
(7) Sergent Tu Tu ( Myit Kyi Na )
He was asked to say a prayer just before they put the knife on his neck. However, comrade Tu
Tu said nothing but took the execution quietly.
(8) Ko Hla Myint ( Tut Kone )
Till the moment  beheaded ,he kept pleading  and arguing  forcefully that  he was not a spy.
They beheaded hi m on the same day.
(9) Comrade Yan Aung ( Rangoon )
When he was beheaded ,the cut was not so clean that he got up in agony. But they ended his life with a bayonet  thrust into his chest.
(10) Sergent Htay Myint Win ( Rangoon )
He was very vocal and critical of Ko Myo Win during the training series No.5.During the
interrogation phase Myo Win asked, vengefully in anger;
“ Bastard, can you now criticize me again in the same way as you did during the training period?”
Htay Myint Win asked Myo Win  to shoot him in the head, Myo Win carried it out with a pistol.
( 11 ) Comrade Ma Khin Cho Oo,
Just before she was about to be killed, she was begging them in tears to spare her life .They took
all her clothes and killed her with a pistol.
( 12 ) Captain Bo Thar Du ( Rangoon )
He was also beheaded.
( 13 ) Comrade Aung Aung ( Ka Thar )
He was beheaded.
( 14 ) Comrade Aye Myint ( Ka Thar )
He was beheaded.
( 15 ) Sergent Thaung Myint ( Sitgaing )
He was beheaded.
( 16 ) Comrade Thet Naing ( Rangoon )
He was beheaded.
( 17 ) Pyi Soe Naing ( Rangoon )
He was arrested during the night and his body was buried to the neck  in the cold weather of
Laisan. The committee members hit his head hard several  times. He had a medical condition,
Inflammation of the meningeal  layers , as a result  of brutal beating  and being abandoned in
The cold,he did not survive past the night. In the morning , he died from severe head injuries and
encephalitis, an acute inflammation of the brain from fatal  head damage. Once he was dead ,the
committee made Ma Khin Cho Oo walked over his head to further lower his dignity. They also

accused the victim of having  an affair with Ma Khin Cho Oo.
After all these events of beheading, the ABSDF ( N ) did not announce certain
Individuals in the list . The people who will killed without acknowledgement by the ABSDF were;
( 1 ) Ko Kyaw Wai ( Mandalay )
( 2 ) Ko Soe Win Than ( Mandalay )
He was out of the KIA hospital by Than Zaw and his followers  and later killed at the hill of
( 3 ) Ko Win Naing ( Rangoon )
He was killed in Ban Maw District in early April ,1991.
( 4 ) Ko Yan Shin ( Rangoon )
He became physically  broken and died from brutal fatal blows with the knives  and clubs.
( 5 ) U Kyaw Kyaw Bone ( District Chairperson )
He was taken to the combat area and tortured severely died from fatal beating and torture.
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The Part Two to follow up , i will continue to present  the full list of those victims who were
Killed at the interrogation unit , including the name of those who were in charge of  the prison and the interrogation unit.
post by Htein Lin

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